Dharamveer Solanki Multispeciality Hospital

Anterior Cruciate Ligament


The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of the major ligaments in the knee and plays a crucial role in stabilizing the joint. An ACL tear is a common injury, especially among athletes, and can significantly affect mobility. This injury involves a tear or rupture in the ACL, often requiring surgery and physical therapy to fully heal.

Risk Factors

• Engagement in High-Impact Sports: Sports like soccer, football, and
basketball, which involve sudden changes of direction, increase the risk of an ACL tear.
• Gender: Females are more prone to ACL injuries due to differences in physical conditioning, muscular strength, and neuromuscular control.
• Previous ACL Injury: Having previously experienced an ACL injury increases the risk of another one.


• Proper Training: Participating in an ACL prevention program or training to enhance balance, strength, and stability can reduce risk.
• Use of Proper Equipment: Wearing the correct shoes and use of knee braces when necessary can help prevent injury.
• Proper Technique: Using the right techniques during physical activity or sports is crucial.

Myths, Misconceptions, Facts

Myth: Only athletes can tear their ACL.
Fact: While common in athletes, anyone can suffer an ACL tear.
Myth: ACL tears can’t be prevented.Fact: Proper conditioning, equipment, and technique can significantly reduce the risk.
Myth: Surgery is the only option for treatment. Fact: Some people may opt for a regimen of physical therapy instead of surgery, depending on various factors.

Symptoms often include a loud “pop” sound at the time of injury, severe pain, inability to continue activity, rapid swelling, and instability when bearing weight.
Some people are able to walk with a torn ACL, but the knee may feel unstable and could give out under strain.
Doctors typically use a combination of physical examination, MRI, and sometimes arthroscopy to diagnose an ACL tear.


ACL tears are common injuries, particularly in athletes, and can be quite debilitating.There are several risk factors for these injuries, but they can often be mitigated with the right precautions. Despite common misconceptions, ACL tears can affect anyone and there are different treatment options available. It’s crucial to seek medical attention if an ACL tear is suspected to ensure proper treatment and recovery.

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