Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. Persistent HPV infection is a common cause. Symptoms can include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and pain during intercourse. Treatment includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.
A cesarean section, or C-section, is a surgical procedure used to deliver a baby through incisions in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. It’s often necessary when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. Recovery includes pain management, monitoring for complications, and care of the surgical incision.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, most commonly in a fallopian tube. Symptoms can include pelvic pain and light vaginal bleeding. If not treated promptly, it can lead to serious complications. Treatment involves medication or surgery to remove the ectopic tissue.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. They can range in size and number and may not always cause symptoms. When symptoms occur, they can include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure or pain, and frequent urination. Treatment options range from medication to manage symptoms to surgical procedures like a myomectomy or hysterectomy.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs, often due to sexually transmitted bacteria. Symptoms can include pain in the lower abdomen, fever, unusual discharge, and painful urination or intercourse. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to eradicate the infection.
Menstrual Cycle Problems
Menstrual cycle problems can include a variety of conditions such as heavy bleeding (menorrhagia), painful periods (dysmenorrhea), absence of menstruation (amenorrhea), and irregular periods. These can be due to hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or other conditions. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and may include hormonal contraceptives, pain relievers, or surgery.