Dharamveer Solanki Multispeciality Hospital

Bankart repair


Bankart repair is a surgical procedure aimed at fixing a Bankart lesion, which is damage to the anterior (front) part of the labrum in the shoulder. The labrum is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the socket of the shoulder joint. This injury is often associated with shoulder dislocation.

Risk Factors

Bankart lesions often occur due to:

  • Shoulder Dislocation: A dislocation can tear the labrum, leading to a Bankart lesion.
  • Repeated Shoulder Strain: Athletes who perform repetitive
    overhead movements, like swimmers or baseball pitchers, may be at risk.
  • Trauma: An injury from a fall or accident can result in a Bankart lesion.
  • Age: Older adults may be more prone due to degenerative changes in the


Preventive measures include:

  • Proper Technique: Athletes should ensure they are using the correct technique to avoid undue stress on the shoulder.
  • Strengthening Exercises: Building up the muscles around the shoulder can provide better support and stability.
  • Protective Gear: Wearing appropriate protective equipment during high-risk activities can help prevent injury.

Myths, Misconceptions, and Facts

Myth: Bankart repair is only for athletes.  

Fact: While common among athletes, any person who has a Bankart lesion can benefit from this procedure.

Myth: After a Bankart repair, the shoulder will never be the same.

Fact: Many people return to their pre-injury levels of activity after rehabilitation.

Myth: Physical therapy isn’t necessary after surgery.

Fact: Physical therapy is crucial for regaining strength and flexibility in the shoulder after a Bankart repair.

Bankart repair often involves reattaching the torn labrum to the socket of the shoulder. This can be done through open surgery or arthroscopically.
Complete recovery often takes several months. Physical therapy is typically recommended to help regain shoulder function.
Some minor Bankart lesions may be treated non-surgically with physical therapy and rest. However, surgery is often recommended to prevent recurring shoulder dislocations.


Bankart repair is a procedure to address a Bankart lesion, a specific type of shoulder injury. Risk factors include shoulder dislocation, repeated strain, trauma, and age. Prevention strategies focus on appropriate athletic techniques, strengthening exercises, and protective gear. While Myths exist about the procedure, it is a well- established intervention that, along with postoperative physical therapy, can help patients return to their regular activities. Questions regarding the procedure, recovery time, and alternative treatments should be discussed with a healthcare provider.
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