Pregnancy is a significant period in a woman’s life that brings joy and anticipation,but it also comes with many physical and emotional changes. During this time, it’s essential to take care of both physical and mental health to ensure the well-being of the mother and the baby. Care during pregnancy includes regular prenatal check- ups, a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate rest, and avoidance of harmful substances like tobacco and alcohol.
- Age: Women who conceive after 35 years or before 20 years are at a higher risk of complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and preterm birth.
- Pre-existing Medical Conditions: Conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney disease, and autoimmune disorders can complicate pregnancy.
- Obesity: Overweight or obese women are at a higher risk of developing complications like gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and need for cesarean delivery.
- Multiple Pregnancies: Carrying more than one baby increases the risk of premature labor, preeclampsia, and other complications.
- Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, alcohol, and drug use can lead to complications like low birth weight and developmental issues in the baby.
- Regular Prenatal Care: Regular check-ups can help detect and manage potential complications early.
- Healthy Diet: A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can provide essential nutrients needed during pregnancy.
- Exercise: Regular physical activity can help manage weight, improve mood,and reduce pregnancy discomfort.
- Avoid Harmful Substances: Avoid smoking, alcohol, and drugs which can harm the baby
- Emotional Health: Addressing mental and emotional health is important. Seek support if feeling anxious or depressed..
Myths, Misconceptions, and Facts
Myth: Pregnant women should eat for two.
Fact: Although nutrient needs increase during pregnancy, it doesn’t mean doubling calorie intake. Overeating can lead to excessive weight gain and complications.
Myth: Pregnant women should avoid exercise.
Fact: Regular physical activity, unless contraindicated by the healthcare
provider, is beneficial for most pregnant women.
Myth: All types of seafood are off-limits during pregnancy.
Fact: While it’s important to avoid raw or undercooked seafood and high- mercury fish, cooked seafood like shrimp and salmon can be a healthy part of the pregnancy diet. repair.
Myth: Morning sickness only happens in the morning.
Fact: Despite its name, morning sickness can happen at any time of the day.
Myth: A bigger belly means a bigger baby.
Fact: The size of a pregnant woman’s belly can be influenced by various factors including the number of pregnancies, the woman’s body type, and the position of the baby.