Dharamveer Solanki Multispeciality Hospital

Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media


Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) and Acute Suppurative Otitis Media (ASOM) are types of middle ear infections. ASOM is a rapid-onset infection with symptoms such as ear pain, fever, or drainage from the ear. On the other hand, CSOM is a persistent infection of the middle ear or mastoid cavity (the bony, air-filled space
behind the ear), typically with persistent drainage through a perforated tympanic membrane (eardrum).

Risk Factors

1. Age: Both CSOM and ASOM are more common in children due to their developing immune system and the structure of their Eustachian tubes.
2. Crowded Living Conditions: Exposure to many people in a small area can increase the risk of upper respiratory infections, leading to ASOM or CSOM.
3. Nutritional Status: Malnutrition can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of infections.
4. Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: Passive smoking can affect the function of the Eustachian tube and contribute to the development of middle ear infections.
5. Poor Hygiene: Lack of handwashing can spread bacteria and viruses, leading to ASOM or CSOM.


1. Avoid Smoking: Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of ear infections.
2. Vaccination: Vaccines can prevent many diseases that can lead to ear infections.
3. Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding boosts the immune system and may reduce the likelihood of ear infections.
4. Hand Hygiene: Regular hand washing can prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses.
5. Avoid Cold Climate: Exposure to cold weather can lead to respiratory infections, increasing the risk of ear infections.

Myths, Misconceptions, and Facts

Myth: Antibiotics are always required for ear infections.

Fact: Not all ear infections need antibiotics. Viral infections won’t respond to antibiotics, and some mild bacterial infections may resolve on their own.

Myth: If you have a runny nose, you’ll get an ear infection.

Fact: Although the common cold can lead to an ear infection, not every cold will cause one.

Myth: Ear infections are always painful.

Fact: Some ear infections, especially CSOM, might not cause pain.

Myth: Ear infections are a sign of poor hygiene.

Fact: Ear infections are caused by bacteria and viruses and can affect anyone, regardless of their personal hygiene.

Myth: Ear infections are contagious.

Fact: While the colds that can lead to ear infections are contagious, ear infections themselves are not.

Signs of ASOM include sudden onset of ear pain, fever, and sometimes drainage from the ear. CSOM typically presents with long-standing ear discharge and potential hearing loss.
Treatment may include antibiotics, ear drops, pain relief, and in some cases of CSOM, surgery may be required.
Yes, both ASOM and CSOM can potentially cause temporary or permanent hearing loss.
Yes, if untreated, ASOM and CSOM can lead to complications including hearing loss, spread of infection, and even meningitis.
Yes, if ASOM is not effectively treated, it may progress to CSOM.


ASOM and CSOM are types of ear infections, more common in children, and can lead to significant complications if left untreated. Prevention strategies include avoiding exposure to tobacco smoke, maintaining good hand hygiene, breastfeeding, and vaccination. Understanding the myths and facts about these conditions can help guide better treatment and prevention strategies.
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