Dharamveer Solanki Multispeciality Hospital

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Treatments


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It usually occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Common symptoms include pelvic pain and fever. There may be a discharge with a foul odor from your vagina. PID can cause permanent damage to your reproductive system and lead to long-term health problems, including chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy in the fallopian tube or elsewhere outside of the womb). If detected early, PID can be treated with antibiotics.

Risk Factors

1. Sexually active women in their childbearing years: PID is most common in women aged 15 to 24 who are sexually active.
2. Multiple sexual partners: The more sexual partners a woman has, the greater her risk of developing PID.
3. History of PID or sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Previous episodes of PID and STIs can increase the risk of another episode.
4. Douching: Regularly douching upsets the balance of bacteria in the vagina and can mask the symptoms of an infection.
5. IUD insertion: There’s a small risk of PID in the few weeks following the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD).


1. Practice safe sex: Use condoms every time you have sex, limit your number of partners, and ask about a potential partner’s sexual history.
2. Get tested: Regular screenings for STIs can catch infections before they become PID.
3. Talk to your doctor about contraception: Many forms of contraception do not protect against the development of PID. Using barrier methods, like condoms, reduces your risk.
4. Don’t douche: Douching disrupts the balance of good versus harmful bacteria in the vagina and can spread an infection into the uterus.

Myths, Misconceptions, and Facts

Myth: PID only occurs in women with multiple sexual partners.

Fact: Although having multiple partners increases the risk, PID can occur in any sexually active woman.

Myth: PID always has symptoms.

Fact: PID often has mild symptoms or none at all.

Myth: You can prevent PID by taking birth control.

Fact: Most forms of birth control do not protect against PID. Only barrier methods like condoms can help reduce the risk.

Myth: Once you have PID, you will never be able to have children.

Fact: While untreated PID can lead to infertility, early treatment greatly reduces the risk.

Myth: PID is always caused by an STI.

Fact: While STIs are a common cause, other infections can also cause PID.

Symptoms can range from none to severe. When present, they may include pelvic pain, fever, irregular menstrual bleeding, pain during intercourse, and foul-smelling vaginal discharge.
PID can be difficult to diagnose due to the wide variety of symptoms and the lack of a definitive test. Diagnosis is usually based on a combination of your medical history, physical exam, and other test results.
PID is usually treated with a variety of antibiotics, and in severe cases, surgery may be required.
Yes, the best ways to prevent PID are to practice safe sex, get regular STI screenings, and avoid douching.
PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs, which can lead to long-term pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a serious infection of the female reproductive organs that can lead to significant health complications, including chronic pain and infertility. Risk factors include being sexually active, having multiple sexual partners, a history of STIs or PID, and practices such as douching or IUD insertion. Prevention strategies focus on safe sexual practices, regular screenings, and maintaining a healthy vaginal environment. Despite some common myths, PID can occur in any sexually active woman, may not always present noticeable symptoms, and is not completely preventable by birth control. Early recognition and treatment are critical for preventing long-term complications.
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